The package is built around a number of “classes” of which the
SpatVector are the most important.
SpatRaster represents multi-layer (variable) raster data. A
SpatRaster object stores a number of fundamental parameters that
describe it. These include the number of columns and rows, the
coordinates of its spatial extent (‘bounding box’), and the coordinate
reference system (the ‘map projection’). In addition, a
can store information about the file(s) in which the raster cell values
are stored (if there are such files) — as raster cell values can also be
held in memory.
SpatVector represents “vector” data, that is, points, lines or
polygon geometries and their tabular attributes.
Class for spatial extent