# 1. Introduction¶

This is an introduction to spatial data manipulation with *R*. In this
context “spatial data” refers to data about geographical locations, that
is, places on earth. So to be more precise, we should speak about
“geospatial” data, but we use the shorthand “spatial”.

This is the introductory part of a set of resources for learning
about spatial analysis and modeling with *R*. Here we cover the basics
of data manipulation. When you are done with this section, you can
continue with the introduction to spatial data analysis.

You need to need to know some of the basics of the *R* language before
you can work with *spatial data* in *R*. If you have not worked with *R*
before, or not recently, have a look at this brief introduction to
R.

You can download this manual as a pdf.